Medical Informatics

Date of publication:2006-2   Press: Higher Education Press   Author:Wang Wei   Pages:221   Words:430000  
Preface

Medical informatics is to information science, information management and information technology as the support, information research in the field of medicine and information law, for a cross subject of medical decision making and management. The emergence and development of medical information is rooted in the strong social demand, is accompanied by the application of computer, multimedia and network technology and other modern information technology in medical field generated and developed. Medical informatics to life phenomena and human society in the activities of medical information (knowledge) as the object of study. It is the task of medical information through effective management of medical information (knowledge) and the full utilization and sharing, improve the efficiency and quality of medical decision-making and management. The modernization and informatization of medical and health field is the development trend of medicine in twenty-first Century, in such a background, medical informatics has broad space and attractive prospects for development. From the development history of the international medical informatics, University to students at all levels to provide medical informatics curriculum started relatively early, including undergraduate degree education, post doctoral master and doctoral degree education, training plan and regular short-term training and remote medical informatics education. Officially launched in China medical information education began in the early 80's of the twentieth Century, way to two basically points: one is to provide computer courses and the medical literature on medical undergraduate and master's stage retrieval course, the training of medical students' information consciousness and obtaining and using medical information (knowledge) capacity; the other is is a comprehensive university with a medical professional in medical colleges or setting medical information science or information management and information system, training with medical background knowledge of medical information (Management) of specialized personnel. The development of medical information education needs compatible materials. Because the teaching material is the carrier of knowledge convergence results, concise academic point of view, teaching content, teaching methods through, is the basic tool for teaching. Over the years, teaching material construction is always a weak link of medical informatics education in china. With the development of medical information science education process, organization of domestic relevant teaching unit of experts and teachers to write teaching material has become a vast number of students, teachers and medical information workers shared aspirations and expectations for the professional characteristics of the discipline of medical information. The book based on the theory and practice of medical informatics, according to the needs of the professional characteristics and teaching, medical, information science, information management and information technology and other disciplines of knowledge, expounds the components of medical information and its role in the development of medicine in the medical information, introduces the basic concept, principle, technology and method and medical information research object, research content and progress of science, depict the basic theory and curriculum of medical informatics. The main contents include: the basic medical informatics, standardization of medical information, medical information ordering, medical information, medical information, medical image information technology, medical information system, medical decision support, medical knowledge management etc.. In the organization of the preparation process of this book from the framework, design, content and structure to the knowledge induction and refining, we strive to do the following three points: first, the theoretical framework of clear, consistent with the teaching rules. This book focuses on the theory, technology and application of Medical InformaticsOn three levels, the basic problem from the whole of the discipline of medical informatics. Second, the term expression, knowledge structure. On the expression of the subject terms, this book presents the basic analysis and viewpoint of the author; the knowledge description, the book has the system structure and a unified style. Third, theory with practice, reflects the development of the subject. Especially in the application of medical information technology, combined with the status quo and development trends of research in the field of advanced studies, and the latest achievements. The book is divided into nine chapters. Each chapter is as follows: the first chapter editor division by Jilin University medical department Bethune Wang Wei and Qu Zhangyi of Harbin Medical University is responsible for writing; the second chapter by Zou Heng Medical College of Jiujiang University is responsible for writing the third chapter by Liu Li; Xiangya Medical College of Central South University is responsible for writing; the fourth chapter by Chen Wenkai of Guangdong Medical College and Jilin University medical department Bethune Wang Liwei responsible for writing; the fifth chapter by Chang Xingzhe of Xinxiang Medical University and Li Yunbo responsible for writing the sixth chapter by the North China Coal Medical University; Zhang Huiying and Huang Xiaoli responsible for writing; the seventh chapter from the Nantong University School of medicine, Dong Jiancheng He Jiang College of medicine in Wan Xunjuan responsible for writing; the eighth chapter by Zhang Panfeng of North China Coal Medical University and Huang Xiaoli responsible for writing; the ninth chapter by Liu Zhiguo of North China Coal Medical University and Huang Xiaoli responsible for writing. The book each chapter English abstract from Jilin University medical department Bethune Wang Liwei responsible for writing or modifying.
Summary

The book based on the theory and practice of medical informatics, based on the characteristics of the professional and the needs of teaching, medical, information science, information technology and information management and other disciplines as the foundation, describes the composition of medical information and its role in the development of medicine in medical informatics; basic concept, principle, technique and method research progress of medical information; object, research content and discipline; depict the basic framework and theoretical system of medical informatics. The main contents include: the basic medical informatics, standardization of medical information, medical information ordering, medical information, medical information, medical image information technology, medical information system, medical decision support, medical knowledge management etc.. This book is mainly for the national medical colleges and universities (University or comprehensive) information management and information system speciality or medical information science, but also can be used as clinical medicine and other medical related professional teaching materials, but also can be used as the medical staff, medical information management and medical information personnel continuing education, organize business training or self reference book.
Catalogue of books

The first chapter of medical informatics foundation section of medical information section second medical information and the related concepts of medical informatics research in section third section fourth of chapter second of medical informatics education standardization of medical information in the first section of the standard is an overview of the second standard grading, classification and numbering third foreign medical information standardization in the fourth section of Chinese medical information standards in third chapter of medical information ordering the first medical information measure second medical information ordering theoretical basis. The third section information ordering of the basic method of section fourth automated ordering fourth chapter medical information acquisition section of medical information source second section information collection theory in section third to collect information on fourth day medicine information resources related to the fifth chapter of medical information exchange of medical information exchange based on first quarter second section of medical information exchange features third sections of medical information exchange form fourth medical information exchange and social progress in the sixth chapter of medical image information technology section medical imaging technology section of the second image processing and analysis technique in section third medicine Medical image storage and transmission system, the seventh chapter medical information system the first section information system overview section second of hospital information system in section third medical research information system fourth pharmaceutical enterprise information system in section fifth of public health information system in section sixth other medical information system the eighth chapter medical decision support section second medical decision support system related technology third medical decision support system and its application in section fourth, medical decision support system is introduced in ninth chapter of medical knowledge management section second section of medical knowledge management functions and significance of third recessive medical knowledge sharing fourth medical knowledge management implementation English noun references
Chapter excerpt

The three elements of the development of modern information society includes material, energy and information. Between the three material, energy, information has differences and connections. The famous British mathematician, cybernetics founder Weiner once had a paper: "information is information, neither matter nor energy." The difference between the 1 different information and material information and material, energy is: information is the material properties of the material itself is not. Information can be separated from matter and exist independently, and does not affect the existence and movement of matter, it is the performance of the state and the mode of material movement, is the material between the contact and interaction. We can explain this phenomenon with a very simple example. For example, in the electrocardiogram inspection, the inspected cardiac motion state and state can be changed by electrocardiogram recorded, doctors can from the wave curve changes of ECG analysis to determine the heart health of the inspected. At this time, recorded only can reflect the condition of heart function information, and not a heart entity. The distinction between information and energy is: information is the movement or manner of material, and energy is the driving force for material work. The conversion of energy follow the law of conservation, and information transformation is not. Information can be shared, this is one of the important characteristics with information, while energy is not shared. The role of energy is provides the power for the people, and information is to provide the knowledge and wisdom of human beings. Between the 2 information and material, energy related to investigate from the philosophical point of view, information and energy are unified in the material, the material is the first. First of all, the material is the source of the information. Process and motion process of any material information is in motion, and any information movement all cannot do without the movement process of material, namely information cannot be separated from the material and exist alone. Secondly, information and energy are inseparable. The acquisition and transfer of information cannot do without energy, energy conversion also cannot do without information. Finally, the information and material, energy can be transformed into each other. Information is neither matter nor energy, but under certain conditions, the information can be transformed into energy and matter. Two, information classification in scientific research, classification is a common way of thinking people to recognize things. As mentioned earlier, due to the extensive information and complexity of information exists and the phenomenon of information content, determines the diversity of types of information. People often according to the need of the study from different perspectives on the information types, and thus lead to the features of different types of information. Standard and type information segment is as follows: (a) in accordance with the domain partition information can be divided into: information of physical information, biological and social information. Physical information refers to the non living world information, such as: evolution of climate change, the crustal movement, celestial...... ; biological information refers to the nature of the quality of living and life -- world objects with growth, development, reproduction ability (animal, plant, microorganism) information; social information refers to communication between people of human society information, including all of human social movement change state description. (two) according to the information of the subject category classification can be divided into: the philosophy of information, information science and social science information. Can say, how many kinds of knowledge or branch of so many belong to the subject with the subject characteristics of information. Philosophy, natural science and social science can according to its discipline system is subdivided into a number of branches. The subject of differentiation, integration and cross infiltration trend makes the information seems to be endless were classified according to the subject. (three) according to the subject's knowledge hierarchy information can be divided into: syntactic information, semantic information and pragmatic information. Grammatical information is the simple description of the objective things form, only the performance of the phenomenon of things without deep reveals the connotation and significance of the development and change of things. It is best to call syntax information is data (data), the expression of which is suitable for interpretation and processing of observation and communication, the concept of human and machine. Semantic information is the way of existence and the motion of the logical meaning of understanding perceived body or the things, namely information explain meaning or the information the conclusion. Pragmatic information is the highest level of information understanding, refers to the understanding of the perception of body or the way things are and the motion relative to the purpose of the utility has a. In addition, can also according to the type of form, motion, symbol types, record form, circulation, usefulness, material properties, function, transmission range and distribution channels into information.
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