Medical foundation of special education

Date of publication:2011-9   Press: Peking University   Author:Zhang Ting   Pages´╝Ü228  

"Medicine" special education book aims to discuss the special children, especially the basic medical education of disabled children. "Special education medical foundation" mainly expounds the visually impaired, hearing impaired, the language barrier, physical disabilities, mental retardation, mental retardation, children with disabilities in physiological and pathological characteristics, pathogenesis, epidemiology, examinations and assessment methods and research progress. Through the studying of this course, we can make the genetics, anatomy, physiology, pathology and clinical characteristics of the treatment and rehabilitation means to understand and reveal the causes of defects in children with disabilities, related diseases, the relationship between the scientific understanding of the relationship between defects and child development, medicine and special education, in order to better to provide comprehensive services, rehabilitation, prevention education, occupation training in areas such as for exceptional children. "Medicine" special education content very targeted and practical.
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the preface for the book series (1):
first chapters: "combining medicine and education" -- the modern special education development the route one must take
A, "medicine combined with"
two, the basic principle of "three early"
three, the basic concept of learning medicine of special education and the significance of the task
chapter second special children and genetics of
first special disorders in children. The genetic basis of
A, genetic disease characterized by
two, special children hereditary disease classification of
second genetic basis of
A, gene structure and function of
three gene mutation and repair, mitosis, meiosis and gene mutation of
third chromosome genetic basis.
A, karyotype and chromosome structure of
Fourth segments of genetic disease foundation
A, genetic disease gene and chromosome
two, special children and genetic disease.
third chapter visual disorder medical foundation
first visual organ anatomical and physiological
two eye, eye subsidiary
four visual, visual form and the adjustment of the eye
second visual function test.
A, visual acuity, visual field examination.
Four examination of color, light perception test
third stereo vision inspection section.
a common diseases in Department of Ophthalmology
two, congenital cataract, retinopathy of prematurity,
four, optic nerve atrophy of primary pigmentary degeneration of retina
six nystagmus, albino
seven, developmental glaucoma
nine chlamydia, ametropia, strabismus and amblyopia.
Fourth visual impairment status and rehabilitation.
A, visual disorder in
two, visual rehabilitation status
three, visual rehabilitation work prospect of
Chapter fourth hearing impaired medical foundation
first auditory system anatomy and physiology.
A, peripheral part of
second central part section of auditory function check
A, pure tone audiometry
three infant behavior test,
four speech audiometry, acoustic immittance audiometry
six, otoacoustic emission auditory brainstem response audiometry, auditory
seven 40Hz Related potential
eight, multiple auditory steady state evoked potential
third section classification of the hearing loss.
A, anatomical classification of
two, hearing loss occurred classification
fourth common otological diseases.
A, otitis media,
three malformation of the ear, ear trauma < br > four, enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome
five, sudden hearing loss.
seven Meniere's disease, drug poisoning induced hearing loss in
eight, noise induced hearing loss in
ten auditory neuropathy, mental dysaudia
fifth chapter speech disorder medical foundation
first the speech activity the anatomy and physiology of
two, the brain cognitive process analysis process of
second words speech disability classification,
a speech disability definition of
three speech disability classification, speech disability grade
third common language
A, language retardation
two, dysarthria
four aphasia, stuttering
fourth section of speech disorders research status of
A, a speech disorder study
two, speech disorder Rehabilitation research
sixth chapter limb disorder medical foundation
section first motor nervous system anatomy and physiology.
A, bone, joint, muscle system.
three, nervous system
second limb function evaluation of
A, the human form was
two, reflecting the evaluation
four, motor development assessment of muscle strength assessment
six assessment of muscle tension, joint activity evaluation of
eight balance ability, coordination ability of
ten gait analysis, activities of daily living assessment of
third Festival caused limb barrier common diseases.
A, cerebral palsy.
three polio sequelae, other
seventh chapter mental disorder medical foundation
first mental retardation of
A, mental retardation, mental disorder defined
two there was
three, affect the intellectual development of factors
four, mental disorder prevention
second day cause mental disorder.
a common disease, phenylketonuria
two, galactosemia
four 21- trisomy syndrome, fragile X syndrome
six cretinism, fetal alcohol (FAS) and the differential diagnosis of children with standard
> diagnosis and evaluation of
third other chromosome diseases of mental retardation, mental retardation, a twoIntellectual impairment assessment of
Fourth mental retardation research current situation and Prospect of
A, our intelligence obstacle to define the evolution of
two, improve intelligence obstacle group accepted degree
eighth chapter mental, neurological disorders medicine foundation
first neurotransmitter and obstacles of the development overview of
A, the structure and function of neural system unit
two, neurotransmitter definition and classification of
three, neurotransmitter synthesis, release and inactivation of
second neurotransmitter co-existence nervous, mental disorders common inspection methods.
A, nervous system common inspection methods
two, mental disorders are commonly used checking method for the
third day children's spirit, the common diseases of the nervous system.
a > two three,
four tic disorder, schizophrenia
six epileptic children, children with anxiety disorders.
fourth day children common mental, neurological diseases research status and Prospect of
A, etiology, clinical treatment of
Chapter excerpt

The copyright page: illustration: 3 differential diagnosis should be differentiated with a movement disorder or developmental delay, intracranial infection, brain tumor, leukodystrophy, spinal injury, spinal tumor, spinal congenital malformation, the slow progress of the cerebellar degeneration, mental retardation, progressive muscular dystrophy, congenital muscle is slow, benign congenital hypotonia, various types of congenital metabolic diseases. (three) the prevention of cerebral palsy etiology complex, so prevention is more difficult, to take corresponding preventive measures for the cause of its various. Cerebral palsy prevention, to take into account the causal relationship between various risk factors of mother and child. For example, toxemia of pregnancy is one of the causes of cerebral palsy, to know the factors of toxemia of pregnancy, placental abruption and placenta dysfunction Erzhi fetal brain damage caused by oxygen free will, and sometimes lead to postnatal hypoglycemia, so the prevention of cerebral palsy is not alone in toxemia of pregnancy, but also noted that many the above factors, the various preventive measures. (four) the early intervention of Gao Weier in recent years, along with the relevant brain plasticity and environment on a large number of research results, the advent of influence brain development, prevention and treatment of cerebral palsy is considered high risk infants should be of high risk infants, a follow-up system, regular inspection, suspicious or cerebral palsy in children with early, early treatment of positive norms, at the same time instruct parents to correct control. Through the control of the source, reduce or mitigate the occurrence of cerebral palsy and the degree of disability. This job requires the Department of rehabilitation medicine, pediatrics, children Preventive care center and parents work together to complete. (five) rehabilitation treatment and rehabilitation of cerebral palsy cerebral palsy needs through comprehensive rehabilitation measures (including medical, education, occupation, social rehabilitation), which is based on determining the rehabilitation goals, follow the principle of rehabilitation, the physical therapy, occupational therapy, orthoses, auxiliary apparatus and prosthetic applications, speech therapy, psychological and behavioral therapy, special education, necessary drug treatment, supplemented by operation treatment, traditional rehabilitation treatment methods.
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