The second chapter: the first section of neonatal diseases common signs and symptoms: fever: newborn infants (especially premature) body temperature regulation function is poor, the central temperature regulation immature heat production and heat dissipation, easy to lose balance, so the temperature fluctuates easily. When the environment temperature changes than body regulation ability, it will cause neonatal fever or hypothermia. Fever is a symptom of the common neonatal period, normal neonatal rectal temperature at 36.2 ~ 37.8 ℃, armpit temperature is rectal temperature slightly lower, at 36 ~ 37 ℃, when the temperature exceeds this range, which is called fever. Newborn on heat tolerance is, when the temperature over 40 ℃ and lasting a long time, not only can cause convulsions, may cause permanent brain damage, left the sequelae of nervous system.  1 common causes and differential diagnosis of non infective fever (1) sterile tissue destruction or necrosis: such as leukemia, endovascular embolization, burns, fractures, hematoma, abdominal or thoracic blood absorption. Neonatal also easily in the hot environment of fever. (2) a lot of blood or fluid loss: the effective circulation blood volume reduction due to heat barrier, and increased body temperature. But if there is stagnation of circulatory failure, normal metabolism, and heat production is too small, but the temperature does not rise. (3) heat production, heat anomaly: such as seizures and status epilepticus induced thermogenesis too much, because of the extensive ichthyosis, widespread dermatitis, no sweat gland disease or the bag cover is too strict, too thick induced heat barrier. (4) biological agents or drug reaction: such as serum, vaccine, foreign protein or certain drugs (such as sulfonamides, barbiturate allergy etc.). (5) the central regulation disorders: such as some functional low fever and body temperature central dysregulation, summer indoor temperature is too high, the relative lack of sweat glands, the development of newborn poor heat dissipation, easy cause fever. (6) the other causes of fever in children: such as thermal dehydration of high incidence rate, in 4 ~ 5 days after birth, mainly milk and water feed is not enough, plus from the respiratory tract, skin, urine lost quite a lot of moisture, so that children with severe water shortage. The temperature can be as high as 39 ～ 40 ℃, children will appear cry or drowsiness, anterior fontanelle depression, poor skin elasticity, dry oral mucosa, decreased urine output and other mild dehydration, mostly after hours of gradually cooling, or within 1 days of several heating, but few tens of days of continuous heating. In addition such as children with nuclear jaundice (jaundice caused by overweight encephalopathy), intracranial hemorrhage (birth) sequela can cause fever. Other possible causes of fever of the newborn are: when phototherapy heat input too much, birth asphyxia of thermoregulatory function, as well as the child's crying, warm temperature is too high or too many clothes, especially in summer indoor temperature to 30 ℃. Neonatal period, the environment temperature, the first is the skin blood vessels to dilate, blood flow rate, radiation and convection, promote the body heat.
The first chapter outlines the second chapter neonatal section common signs and symptoms of low heating temperature breath apnea and vomiting abdominal convulsion hematemesis and hematochezia second neonatal jaundice third day fourth festival of neonatal asphyxia neonatal respiratory sixth neonatal pneumonia seventh neonatal wet lung eighth aspiration syndrome meconium aspiration aspiration syndrome milk aspiration syndrome syndrome of amniotic fluid comprehensive newborn fifth day distress syndrome of upper respiratory tract infection (milk aspiration pneumonia) ninth pulmonary hemorrhage tenth pneumothorax in eleventh day chronic lung disease lung development section twenty-third intracranial neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in twenty-second section twenty-first section thirteenth in adverse neonatal hemorrhage twelfth section of ventilator-associated pneumonia Festival thrush section fourteenth of necrotizing enterocolitis the fifteenth section seventeenth neonatal diarrhea sixteenth heart failure section neonatal shock eighteenth neonatal anemia nineteenth hemolytic disease of the newborn twentieth urinary system infection Neonatal hyperglycemia twenty-fourth neonatal hypoglycemia twenty-fifth neonatal hypocalcemia twenty-sixth neonatal scleredema twenty-seventh very low birth weight infants twenty-eighth neonatal persistent pulmonary hypertension twenty-ninth neonatal hematochezia third chapter nutritional diseases of protein energy malnutrition in the first section, second section of vitamin D deficiency rickets third tetany of vitamin D deficiency the fourth section pediatric obesity fifth zinc deficiency of vitamin B deficiency in the sixth section, seventh section of the fourth chapter of vitamin A deficiency disease of connective tissue disease first mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome in second allergic purpura third rheumatic fever fourth day juvenile idiopathic arthritis in fifth chapter infectious diseases section of measles and rubella virus infectious disease of children exanthema subitum varicella and herpes simplex virus encephalitis and meningitis infectious mononucleosis cytomegalovirus infection mumps second infectious bacterial disease bacillary dysentery purulent meningitis of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis Sepsis typhoid third section of chapter sixth pertussis tuberculosis respiratory system disease section of acute upper respiratory tract infection in second acute infectious laryngitis third day fourth day fifth day acute bronchitis pneumonia asthma bronchial foreign bodies in the trachea and sixth day seventh day of bronchiectasis in seventh chapter digestive system disease first constipation second intestinal spasm third peptic ulcer in fourth day congenital megacolon fifth day sixth festival in children with diarrhea of infant hepatitis syndrome in section seventh, intussusception, eighth section of Helicobacter pylori infection in ninth day of gastroesophageal reflux disease of cardiovascular system disease the first section of eighth chapter of congenital heart disease in second viral myocarditis in third day fourth day fifth day arrhythmias in heart failure patients with cardiogenic shock chapter ninth Mi urinary and reproductive system diseases section one common signs and symptoms of hematuria and proteinuria second glomerular disease, acute glomerulonephritis rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis nephrotic syndrome hemolytic uremic syndrome third renal tubular disease renal tubular acidosis in The proximal renal tubules multiple dysfunction (Vankoni syndrome) fourth acute renal insufficiency in fifth day of urinary tract infection in the tenth chapter of blood system diseases section anemia second idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura third regeneration paralysis fourth progressive muscular dystrophy in children with myasthenia gravis fifth section sixth section seventh Green Barry syndrome section of Wright's comprehensive aplastic anemia fourth hemophilia fifth leukemia eleventh chapter nervous system disease first epilepsy in second day third festival with status epilepticus (Reye syndrome) in twelfth acute hemiplegia eighth day ninth day tenth day of intracranial tumors in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder chapter endocrine system disease section second section of diabetes in children with growth hormone deficiency the third section of the fourth day early maturing central diabetes insipidus fifth congenital hypothyroidism in the thirteenth chapter of hereditary diseases first chromosome abnormality trisomy 21- syndrome congenital ovarian dysplasia syndrome in second segments of genetic metabolic diseases of glycogen storage disease benzene Phenylketonuria sticky section second drowning third section electric injury chapter fifteenth critical polysaccharide of disease in Fourteenth chapter poisoning and accidents section of carbon monoxide poisoning emergency treatment first seizure in second day heart, respiratory arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation of septic shock in section fourth, section third of acute respiratory failure fifth intracranial hypertension syndrome in sixth section of digestive tract section seventh of total parenteral nutrition @##@ hemorrhage The book from two aspects of outpatient and ward introducing the main professional pediatric diseases areas, highlighting the different and continuous outpatient, emergency wards and treatment of disease. Starting from the common symptoms of pediatric disease, make a diagnosis rapidly, namely outpatient primary treatment, and then further condition analysis andTreatment of pediatric diseases, consistent with clinical medical practice thinking process, introduces the new ideas, new technology, new therapy in pediatric field. Book for young physicians treating various diseases in clinic and ward inspection process provides a very good reference.
"Pediatricians manual" covers the neonatal diseases, diseases in children, pediatric emergency and symptomatology, and rescue chart reference for clinicians, convenient and practical, suitable for all levels of pediatricians, nurses and medical students in clinical use and reference.
Medical Science @ 2017