"Xinjiang utility ent Handbook" by the Beijing City, the seventh batch of aid doctors in Xinjiang, especially in Hetian area of the common disease, endemic disease spectrum disease, Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Friendship Hospital and invited experts to compile, introduced the etiology, diagnosis, disease differential diagnosis, treatment and other content, with simple, practical features, hope to be able to be ENT doctors, especially clinical assistant doctors and junior doctors, become a clinical reference book to them, to be their "personal" teacher.
The first Department of Stomatology of the first chapter of dental pulp disease section of dental caries in second section of tooth hard tissue non carious pulp disease disease section third section fourth of chapter second periapical disease periodontal disease section of chronic marginal gingivitis puberty gingivitis second day third day fourth day pregnancy gingivitis drug-induced gingival hyperplasia fifth chronic periodontitis in section Sixth aggressive periodontitis third chapter of oral mucosal diseases section of recurrent aphthous ulcer in second day of herpes simplex third day oral candidiasis in Chapter fourth, oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Section pericoronitis of third molar of second day oral and maxillofacial trauma third epulis fourth salivary gland disease fifth chapter for oral cavity repair section tooth defect repairing casting metal full crown restoration porcelain fused to metal crown crown and crown restoration second dentition defect of removable partial dentures third dentition defect fixed partial denture fourth complete dentures for the sixth chapter of children's oral diseases in young permanent teeth caries of first section section second young permanent teeth pulpitis third teeth - Chapter seventh oral emergency first section of dental trauma in section second Dislocation of temporomandibular joint second Department of Ophthalmology of the first chapter of the eyelid skin disease first hordeolum chalazion section third section second eyelid herpes simplex dermatitis eyelid herpes zoster palpebral dermatitis eyelid allergic inflammation in section fourth section fifth eyelid varus and valgus and inverted eyelashes eyelid entropion ectropion trichiasis sixth day Seventh Festival Closing eyelid ptosis not all eighth eyelid tumors in second chapter lacrimal apparatus disease first canaliculitis second dacryocystitis lacrimal duct stenosis or obstruction in section third section fourth dacryadenitis third chapter conjunctival disease first conjunctivitis conjunctivitis in epidemic hemorrhagic conjunctivitis second pterygium third pinguecula fourth conjunctival concretion section fifth of keratoconjunctivitis sicca in fourth chapter, the first section of corneal disease infected keratitis second corneal degeneration third corneal dystrophy keratoconus fourth day Fifth Festival in corneal dermoid tumor fifth chapter scleral disease first scleritis second scleral staphyloma sixth chapter uvea disease first uveitis anterior uveitis intermediate uveitis after uveitis panuveitis second uveal neoplasms Iris cyst in choroidal hemangioma and choroidal malignant melanoma of choroid metastatic carcinoma in third day ciliochoroidal detachment seventh chapter lens disease section of dislocation of the lens eighth chapter second section cataract glaucoma section of primary angle closure glaucoma in second day of primary open angle glaucoma third secondary glaucoma in fourth quarter the ninth chapter of intraocular pressure in the vitreous disease first vitreous degeneration second posterior detachment of vitreous hemorrhage in fourth section, third section of proliferative vitreoretinopathy retinal disease first section of tenth chapter second section of retinal artery occlusion retinal vein occlusion in third section, retinal periphlebitis fourth senile macular degeneration in fifth day of central serous chorioretinopathy sixth section of central exudative chorioretinopathy seventh macular hole in eighth day high myopia retinopathy in section ninth, retinal detachment in tenth hypertension retinopathy in eleventh day diabetic retinopathy twelfth anemia of fundus changes of the eleventh chapter of optic nerve and optic tract diseases section of optic neuritis retrobulbar optic neuritis of God The second festival with optic atrophy third section of optic chiasm and optic chiasm lesions of optic chiasm above lesion disease than the twelfth chapter ocular anomalies in the first section of comitant strabismus second non concomitant strabismus amblyopia third nystagmus fourth chapter thirteenth orbital abnormal section proptosis second enophthalmos fourteenth chapter second section first myopic refractive error hyperopia astigmatism anisometropia third section fourth section fifteenth chapter ocular trauma first eyelid trauma second lacrimal injury third corneal trauma in fourth section sclera trauma fifth iris ciliary body lens trauma trauma section sixth section seventh vitreous injury eighth choroidal trauma ninth retinal trauma in tenth day orbital trauma eleventh eyes intraocular foreign bodies in section twelfth infectious endophthalmitis sixteenth chapter of congenital and hereditary diseases first eyelid congenital anomalies in section second lacrimal congenital anomalies in section third corneal congenital anomaly fourth uveal congenital anomalies in section fifth section sixth lens congenital anomalies in vitreous and retinal abnormalities seventh congenital abnormalities of the optic nerve section eighth extraocular muscle first The seventeenth chapter day abnormal infectious disease of ocular manifestations first tuberculosis second measles section third section fourth section fifth herpes infection syphilis acquired immunodeficiency syndrome...... Third Department of Otolaryngology
The copyright page: illustration: fourth periapical disease of periapical disease occurred in the apical part and its surrounding tissue diseases. Periapical disease for the vast majority of inflammatory diseases, i.e. apical periodontitis, clinically divided into acute apical periodontitis and chronic periapical periodontitis. Two, the main cause of periapical inflammation secondary to dental pulp disease, the main cause is a bacterial infection, followed by wound and chemical stimulation and immunologic factors. 1 bacterial infection of anaerobic bacteria are mainly bacteria infection root canal, in the event of periapical periodontitis and hairPlay an important role in the development of. Bacteria in the root canal through the apical foramen violations of periapical tissue is the main route of transmission. 2 trauma factors of dental trauma and chronic trauma from occlusion can lead to pulp appeared different degree of pathological changes, resulting in periapical tissue injury. 3 chemical stimulation in the pulpal and periapical disease treatment process, if the improper use of drugs, chemical inflammation can cause periapical tissue. The drug can be used 4 immunological factors of bacteria and metabolites, root canal treatment of necrotic pulp and used as antigen to immune responses induced in root tip tissues or body part. The defense response of immune response on the one hand, excessive immune response will cause damage to the body. Three, clinical manifestations of acute periapical periodontitis (a) early teeth with mild pain, with the aggravation of inflammation, suffer from a tooth to tooth, tap appears obvious pain. The characteristics of spontaneous pain, persistent pain, and the scope is limited, the patient can explicitly pointed out a tooth. If the inflammation continues to develop, the formation of acute periapical abscess, increase the pain, pain, and persistent jump pain. The pus spread to bone, pain, swelling was obviously, but systemic symptoms associated with fever. Pus once worn periosteum to submucosa, because the pressure decreases, submucosal tissue loose, alleviate pain than before. General 4 ~ 5 days later, the formation of root zone submucous abscess, contact pressure wave motion. (two) chronic periapical periodontitis 1 periapical granuloma in general no spontaneous pain, only feel uncomfortable mastication, unable to bite, percussion have strange feeling, teeth can be elongated feeling, the pulp necrosis, low body resistance to acute attack. 2 chronic periapical abscess without symptoms, in the apical region mucosa at the teeth may have sinus, often with granulation tissue hyperplasia sinus opening, may have pus discharge from sinus, due to sinus drainage, not easy to transform into acute inflammation. 3 apical cyst without symptoms, discolored teeth, dental showed apical cyst, if the cysts increased, forcing around bone absorption in patients with apical mucosal multiple semi-circular bulge, table tennis. 4 osteitis Condensans teeth usually after root canal therapy, generally do not have symptoms, only in the X-ray found that apical area increased bone density. Four, the diagnosis of acute apical periodontitis and occlusal pain severe, can determine the position and clinical examination teeth have caries bad or non carious disease, dental pulp necrosis, percussion pain, X-ray examination can discover apical membrane widened slightly. The main basis for the diagnosis of chronic periapical periodontitis is the tooth pulp necrosis and periapical X-ray visible area of low density shadow. Chronic periapical periodontitis no more symptoms, or have mild occlusal pain, pulp necrosis, tooth discoloration, percussion of discomfort, dental pulp vitality test non response. For chronic. Periapical periodontitis were accurately diagnosed, the main X-ray examination.
"Xinjiang utility ent Handbook" is simple and practical, hope to be able to be ENT doctors, especially clinical assistant doctors and junior doctors, become a clinical reference book to them, to be their "personal" teacher.
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