Mental retardation

Date of publication:2009-4   Press: Zhang Liyi, Chen Chunxia, Liu Xinmin, people's Medical Publishing (2009-05)   Author:Zhang Liyi, ed.   Pages´╝Ü230  
Preface

Illustration: Piaget's theories in the 20's of the twentieth Century, to the 50's is fully mature, and popular in the world. Many child psychologists studied the theory of Piaget, and to his experiment was carried out to test the repeatability of some of his theory, concept, including the theory stage division and the research methods, as well as part of the intelligence theory, unreasonable, was improved and modified further, and combined with the new information processing theory, the theory of Piaget has made new progress. The 1 supplement to the development theory of Piaget intellectual and correction psychologists believe that, in the actual research, Piaget's method has many problems. One of the main ideas that, in Piaget's method has many variables are confounded, and these variables and adolescent mental capacity are closely related, if not eliminate the interference and the influence of these variables in the study, it will reduce the real results, even cannot really understand the intelligence of children and adolescents the level of development. Such as, Piaget think that better than language children's logical thinking ability, language is one of the characteristics of individual logical thinking development, so ignore the role of language in many of his experiments, which resulted in the tendency to underestimate the intelligence development of the children. Factors can not be controlled Piaget's experiments as well as perception and attention factors. Many researchers believe that, many designed by Piaget Conservation Experiment of young children can not be completed, because their attention is not mature, once their attention development mature, even some very complex task can be completed well. In recent years, in the study of Western cognitive developmental psychology, more and more people to question Piaget's theory of the development stage. American psychologist Feldman believes Piaget will stage of development, the difference of interstitial absolutely, he believes that the stage is actually a process of constant development, behavior characteristics of new always on the development stage of the old completed before the advent of. At the same time, children can also exhibit characteristics of different development phases.
Summary

Zhang Liyi, male, Jiangsu Lianshui county. Graduated from the Second Military Medical University, a postgraduate degree. The center of PLA, psychological disease prevention director, professional committee of military medical psychology, Jiangsu Changzhou City, vice president, the first 0 PLA two hospital chief physician, tutor of master degree of Second Military Medical University and Jiangsu University. As the International Association of Chinese medical scientists and psychologists (IACMSP) Professional Committee of experts, the Ministry of health, mental health consultation of Chinese clinical medicine will assess the vice chairman of the professional committee of the governing, China Association for mental health psychology. As the "Chinese Medical Journal", "Chinese behavior medical science", "China Journal of clinical psychology", "Chinese mental health journal" 11 editorial board of the journal. Engaged in medical psychology, psychiatry 37 years, good at psychological test, psychological counseling, psychotherapy. Psychological measurement techniques have been developed with independent intellectual property rights 7. Received a total of 31 science and technology progress award, the provincial medical and health science and Technology Progress Award I, three prize of the military scientific and technological progress award two song, military scientific and technological progress 16. The editor or the participation books "Clinical Psychology", "psychological doctor Handbook" and other 26 ministries, published more than 300 papers. Has been Nanjing military region in recognition of "cadre of science and technology", "technological excellence", "medical expert"; in 1996 by the national recognition of "national 100 technology star", is the only winner psychology field in China; in 1997 won the "Paul of Belgium, Wu Jieping medical research award two", is the only access those forces in the army; has won three. 3. Enjoy the special allowance of the state council.
Author brief introduction

The normal activity of human psychology includes not only complicated, colorful, including abnormal activity, stubborn and queer. We will non normal mental activities collectively referred to as the abnormal psychology of these different expressions and different degrees of abnormal psychology, the science is called metamorphosis psychology. MetamorphosisPsychology (abnormal psychology) is also called abnormal psychology and psychopathology (pathological psychology), is a branch of psychology in a study of abnormal psychology and behavior and law. Psychology from the angle of psychology, features and classification of mental disorders, and to explore its causes and mechanism, reveals abnormal psychological phenomenon, the development and changes of the rules, and the practice of prevention and control of these results in abnormal psychology. With the development and progress of human society, the competition is intense, subtle interpersonal relations, leading to mental disorders and mental problems rising. In the world, all kinds of psychological distress has become an important factor to influence people's life, work and health. According to the statistics of WHO, mental disorders accounted for 10.5% of global disease (low and middle income countries) and 23.5% (high income countries). In mental illness so prominent today, understanding and intervention on abnormal psychology has become an important topic in maintenance of human health, it has important practical significance to study psychology. Psychology is the mental health professionals is extremely important common knowledge structure, is the basis for healthy psychology, clinical psychology, counseling psychology, psychotherapy and psychiatry.
Catalogue of books

The first chapter is introduction section the concept of intelligence, intelligence, intelligence from two of the evolution of the concept of second intellectual development psychology research content, the intellectual development of the basic theory of intellectual development two, each stage of the age characteristics of third intelligence theory, the traditional intelligence theory two, Gardiner three, Sternberg's theory of multiple intelligences the three element theory of intelligence four, Des's theory PASS five, the theory of emotional intelligence six, other emerging theory of intelligence, intelligence theory seven trends in the development of the second chapter the development of intelligence the first genetic factors and intelligence development, research methods, the heritability of two three, about intelligence heritability of several points in section second and family environment intellectual development, family atmosphere and intellectual development two, family education and intellectual development, cultural quality of three parents of children's intelligence of four, early intellectual development of children's intelligence of third education and intelligence development, intelligence and academic achievement. Two, teachers' expectation and intellectual development, educational activities and three the third chapter of intellectual development in different stages of individual intelligence development of the children and adolescents mental development, the traditional son Child and adolescent mental development theory two, contemporary children intellectual development theory in section second adult intelligence development, Rab Vivi J's theory, Arlene's theory of three, two, four, Perry's theory of Marx's theory five, Sinnott theory six, Riegel's theory of seven, BOTTS penetration theory eight, card Ru the postformal operation model theory, Cacina's theory of nine in the third quarter the elderly mental development, on a cartel theory of intelligence development, about two elderly people in the intellectual development of the new theory. The fourth chapter quiz first intelligence test a, intelligence test types two, three, intelligence quantization method correct treatment of IQ four, intelligence classification five, about intelligence test fairness issues of second section Binet intelligence scale one, Binet Simon, Standford Binet scale two scale three, China Binet test, section third, Wechsler Intelligence Scale, the main contents of a test, the evaluation of two Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children of Kauffman in the fourth quarter, two, a complete evaluation of three theoretical basis, content four, the implementation of K-ABC, five, K.ABC scoring and interpretation Evaluation group intelligence test for a fifth day, group intelligence test development two, group intelligence test of the form and content of three, group intelligence test, the characteristics of the four group intelligence test for five, six, Chinese military army group test group intelligence test for sixth day the infant's intelligence development scale, the neonatal behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) two, Gaiser development scale (GDS) special education and family nursing of seventh chapter mental disorder and crime @##@ mental retardation mental retardation sixth chapter of seventh non text and Culture Fair intelligence test, two, an overview of several common non-verbal intelligence test eighth day disabled intelligence tests, a blind intelligence test two, hearing impaired intelligence test three, movement disorders in intelligence tests in Chapter fifth Intelligence, may be one of the most attract sb.'s attention in modern society. A large proportion of intelligence research and unique status in psychological research. Psychology as a science has become more mature, but some areas where although after years of exploration and research, but still in discussion period, complexity and lack of conclusive opinions. One of the research of intelligence is such a field. Research of intelligence led study since nineteenth Century after the leaves Galton to person's individual differences, 1904 Spielman has proposed earliest intelligence theory, study of mental psychology has gone through a hundred years of history, the intelligence theory has always been one of the most active research significance and the field of psychology. About intelligence theories and ideas emerge in an endless stream, can be said that the school buildings, disputes happen frequently. The intelligence research has thus become the most dynamic in psychology, the most energetic field. Among them, the structure theory and its guiding intelligence intelligence tests the most far-reaching impact, it is almost dominated the field for more than half a century, and are still playing a role. But the intelligence test did not produce the predictive validity of the expected, many critics have disputed the validity; and with the application of psychology in the field of education, this theory of intelligence also exposed its defects: it is difficult to effectively guide the education work. So the theory of the intellectual lead to widespread suspicion and criticism, people began to explore the intelligence from a broader perspective.
Chapter excerpt

"Mental retardation" by people's Medical Publishing house.
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