Research on the transition of Chinese rural cooperative medical system

Date of publication:2012-1   Press: Nanjing University press   Author:Yang Shanfa   Pages´╝Ü260  
Summary

Author of "China Studies" the rural cooperative medical institution engaged in teaching and research work of health management and health policy at the Medical University Of Anhui, PhD and a public policy research at the Nanjing University. This monograph is based on his doctoral thesis on the further modified into. At that time he chose this subject, not only for academic factors to consider, think this theme can provide a significant extension space for policy research, but also for emotional factors into account, for he to the peasants, countryside and rural medical and health sincere emotion and deep concern. It is "poems, the love"! I believe that readers in reading "China's rural cooperative medical system change research", through the clear historical facts and the originality of the theory analysis, also can feel it too.
Catalogue of books

The first chapter is the introduction of
the first study of the origin, purpose and significance of
second research ideas and methods of
third of this book chapter structure and innovations of
second chapter of Chinese rural cooperative medical system in the historical and cultural origins of
the first festival of Chinese ancient medical mutual helping traditional ideas of
Second Chinese dynasties the government to the common people's medical relief
third ancient Chinese folk medical mutual aid of traditional
this chapter summary of
third chapter of modern Chinese rural cooperative medical system in the innovation and development of
the first Western corporatism theory in modern China, the spread and development of the
second festival folk community leadership of the rural cooperation movement with the development of rural health service
Third National government leadership of the cooperative movement and to traditional Chinese medicine and rural health neglect
Fourth leadership of the Communist Party of China rural cooperation movement and cooperative medical system innovation of
fifth modern Chinese rural cooperative development of the cause of the comparative analysis of

fourth chapter summary of this chapter after the founding of new China, the Chinese agricultural cooperative movement and innovation of rural cooperative medical system development of
the first section Agricultural cooperation movement in China's development and the people's commune system established
second day after the founding of new China, the Chinese rural cooperative medical system in the innovation and development of
third day after the founding of new China, China's rural cooperative medical system vicissitude reason analysis of
this chapter summary of
fifth chapters after the reform and opening up, China's rural cooperative medical system decline and reconstruction of
the first day after the reform and opening up, China's rural social economic and political system reform.
second day after the reform and opening up, China's rural cooperative medical system decline and reconstruction of
third section of Chinese rural cooperative medical care system to the restoration and reconstruction.
this chapter summary of
sixth chapter of the new rural cooperative medical care the innovation of the system development of
the first day the NCMS policies background
Second new rural cooperative medical policy, the initiation and implementation progress of
third section of new rural cooperative medical system stakeholder analysis of
this chapter summary of
seventh chapter of the new rural cooperative medical system and the development of medical and health care reform path
the first festival of new rural cooperative medical system and medical and health reform and development the political meaning of the
second political and medical relations review
third section of new rural cooperative medical system. Development path and rural health reform.
Fourth adherence to and development of the Marx doctrine in China health care reform road
fifth sections focus on cultivating the "health personnel
both ability and political integrity" this chapter summary of
reference
postscript
Chapter excerpt

The copyright page: all of them, not only greatly promoted the development of ethnic minority medicine, make the Yuan Dynasty became an important period for China's medical school's formation and development, but also contributes to the development of people in remote ethnic areas of medical care, in fact, provides some convenient conditions for the local people to see a doctor. In a word, the development history of Yuan Dynasty medicine to medical science and technology in ancient China on the peak, or even in the world are in a leading position, advertised medical history of our country's "dollar four" there are two lines of the Mongol Yuan period appears. These are not accidental. During the two dynasties, the national policy turned negative, and therefore were not as great in the medical relief. But the folk force actively into the medical relief field, form fill in the space, officials often take support, the attitude of acquiescence, sometimes even active contraction of their own strength. Zhu Yuanzhang's "Christian Proclamation" and Kangxi's "the sixteen" is written in the illustrious family tree and the ancestral hall, or may be regarded as a way forward in Ming and Qing government strategy. The early Ming Zhu Yuanzhang kept the yuan Huimin pharmacy and yangjiyuan two long-term social relief policy, but the Huimin medicine bureau is mainly applying to military poverty, and almshouses is not as if the song contained all the sick people, and mainly is the adoption of the elderly, so in the Ming Dynasty was once said "Lao yuan"; in other words, in the eyes of the dynasty relief agencies not to society in general, poor, but mainly to appease the army and reiterated that the ethics of respect for the elderly. These institutions did not get the government of Ming Dynasty too persistent attention, relevant Huimin pharmacy law, nationwide last issued in three years (1428), that aims to the pharmacy that has generally been abandoned, poor no parity drug desirable, Xuande emperor makes heavy vibration of medicine and pharmacy. But in fact, fifteenth Century after the Ming Dynasty Huimin pharmacy system has lost its function, the central act had been unable to save, from the chronicles of data can be seen by the middle of the sixteenth Century, even the most affluent Jiangnan area of Huimin pharmacy are mostly with only the name, without any actual function. Liang Qizi found from 45 local data show 55 South County Huimin pharmacy in the situation, in 1566, the pharmacy in 28 counties have been abandoned, 19 was not clear, only 8 still have the application function on the surface. The survey illustrates the pharmacy system has produced no effect at. Almshouses of corruption, corruption, as early as in institutions for the poor in Song Dynasty had emerged, to the Ming Dynasty, more than ever. The magistrate laziness, which directly under the management of the petty officials used, resulting in "almshouses in non as poor Han, Han has poor die ear". So, although the Ming Dynasty in the name of each county has almshouses, but to the sick and the people's life has not much actually guarantee. Qing along the Ming Dynasty, the rulers of the Qing Dynasty in China at the beginning of the note of assistance to the weak group problem. Junji first year (1644), the height of the fighting, the government is also very hard. Nonetheless, the Qing government still in Shunzhi emperor under the name of "poor people for widows and widowers waste disability could not save themselves" "report of Catering Economy"; Shun Zhi Cheng (1648) in November, the Qing government had banned play almshouses role; after the reign of Kangxi, Qing Dynasty remains committed to the raising of the economic construction of College system. After a long struggle, the Qing Dynasty all over the county, almost universally established almshouses, even Taiwan, Xinjiang, and Guangxi is no exception. According to the survey of 132 counties in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and other 7 provinces, in addition to the 2 counties, the remaining 130 counties have set up almshouses and related matters records. But it is worth noting that, taking into account the local government capacity, but also to prevent the receiving excessive and the Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty around the almshouse adopted Gulao residual disease personnel have the number of restrictions, fixed Yang Ji places and ration materials standard. In order to ease the burden of the local government, the Qing government encouraged the rich and government officials to almshouses, formed the official funding, supplemented by personal donations fund raising pattern, the management by local officials responsible for supervision, of the corruption behavior may arise, take corresponding measures to prevent. The basic approach is that the almshouse daily management work, especially the issue of rations, rely mainly on the hospital adopted personnel, "to select one ten in a long, open appearance name, reported the official record, record", avoid the interfere. Some almshouses set even, manager of the right can only be handed over to the local old sage, squire. This shows that even the relief work of the government, also requires the participation and supervision of folk people.
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  •   Rural cooperative medical book research, related to the health and security problem more than eight hundred million rural residents, but also a sense of history, the analysis is thorough, insightful and profound, worth reading.
  •   This book describes in detail the changes Chinese rural medical system, describes the many details in the book is very detailed, the author spent too much effort.
 

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