The "Basic Nursing Science (edited by Ye Ling for nursing and medical professional with the second edition of the national pharmaceutical college textbook)" is the national pharmaceutical higher vocational teaching planning, in accordance with the Ministry of education development plan and other related documents, combined with the Ministry of health related with industry characteristics of exam, according to the "basic requirements of teaching syllabus prepared basic nursing science" and course characteristics and.
the book is divided into 16 chapters, prominent nursing basic theory, basic knowledge and basic skills, embodies the philosophy of nursing, highlighting the spirit of humanism, as a nursing course service etc..
"Basic Nursing Science (for nursing and medical professional with the second edition of the national pharmaceutical college textbook)" in the "theory of proper enough, technical application ability to highlight" principle, pay attention to the cultivation of comprehensive vocational ability of medical vocational students, suitable for medical and health vocational education and training, correspondence and self-study examination etc. the same level of different forms of school teaching, but also can be used as pharmaceutical industry training and self-study book.
The first chapter of the hospital environment.
the first hospital
a hospital, nature and task of
two, hospital characteristics
three, hospital type and grade
four, the hospital organizational structure
second day hospital business departments and nursing work.
two, outpatient department emergency department
third in human body mechanics application in nursing work.
A, common mechanical principle of
two, the human body mechanics principle of using
Fourth patients bed unit and the facilities of
A, bed unit facilities
second chapter hospital bed and patients with
the first day of admission nursing care of patients with
A, admission nursing program
two, ward eight after the initial treatment in patients with
second section of grading nursing patients nursing.
A, patients nursing.
two, the relevant documents of the treatment of
three, bed the processing unit
third day delivery with
A, wheelchair transportation
three car transport technology,
third chapter stretchers for comfort and safety nursing
the first Section provides an overview of
A, comfortable with the notion of
second day not comfortable decubitus and patient comfort.
A, supine nature of
two, comfortable lying the basic requirements of
three, commonly used supine
four, replacing the supine method
third patients safety nursing.
A, patient safety assessment of
two, hospital of common unsafe injury and prevention of
three, with applications of
Fourth nursing care of patients with pain.
A, an overview of
three nursing assessment, nursing measures of
fourth chapter of rest and activity
the first day rest.
A, the rest of the significance of
three, the rest of the condition of sleep
four, promote the rest and sleep nursing measures
two, limited reason
three, limitation of activity on the effects of
four, patients with active capability assessment
five, on the patients with active guidance
fifth chapter hospital infection prevention and control of hospital infection.
A, the concept of hospital infection and classification of
two Hospital infection, formation of
three, management and control of hospital infection.
second day cleaning disinfection and sterilization of
sixth chapter patients care
seventh chapter vital signs observation and nursing care of
eighth chapter of hot and cold therapy
ninth chapter diet and nutrition
tenth chapter excretion
eleventh chapter drugs therapy and drug allergy test method
twelfth chapter intravenous infusion and blood transfusion of
thirteenth chapter collection
fourteenth chapter observation and rescue of patients with severe
fifteenth chapter hospice care
sixteenth chapter of medical and nursing records
The copyright page: illustration: three, limitation of activity on the body (a) on the skin of the influence of long term bedridden or body movement disorder, patients with partial body compression time is too long, the blood circulation barrier, cause the skin resistance, skin easily damaged formation pressure ulcer (see Chapter sixth prevention and nursing of pressure ulcers). (two) the motion system of the human skeleton, muscle and joint due to the absence of long-term activities, can cause muscle weakness and atrophy, low back pain, osteoporosis, joint stiffness or contraction deformation, and disuse, severe loss of exercise will lead to system function. (three) effects on the cardiovascular system of 1 postural hypotension long-term bedridden, make the whole body muscle tension and neurovascular decreased reflexes, muscle contraction and promote blood flow dysfunction, blood stagnation in the lower extremity, when the body is erect, vascular reflex vascular unable to adapt, still in the expansion state, resulting in lower extremity blood retention cannot rapidly return the heart, causing a sudden drop in blood pressure, blood supply to the brain caused by pi, weakness, dizziness, vertigo patients even coma and other symptoms of low blood pressure. 2 deep vein thrombosis and more restricted activity time, the risk of deep vein thrombosis is high. Especially the incidence of obesity, dehydration, anemia and shock in patients with higher. Deep venous thrombosis is due to the long-term activity in patients with limited, can appear the venous blood circulationPoor, poor circulation time if more than the body tissue damage of compensatory time will lead to intimal injury; not long also can appear relatively insufficient blood volume, and blood components to reduce more than blood cell composition, resulting in blood viscosity increased and the velocity of blood flow slowed down; the activity suffers be restricted, leg muscle contraction is not enough intravenous drop, cause blood flow velocity. When these three factors exist at the same time will thrombosis. The main risk of thrombosis occurred pulmonary embolism, vascular thrombosis embolism in the lungs where smaller, less damage the lungs, if embolism in blood vessel is larger, can lead to severe lung injury and even death. (four) effect on respiratory system in long term bed can cause hypostatic pneumonia and carbon dioxide retention. Patients because of weak force element enough will mucus expectoration, make the respiratory tract secretion eduction, cause respiratory secretions accumulate, interfere with the airway ciliated remove foreign bodies function, easy happening hypostatic pneumonia. The long-term bedridden patients limits the chest expansion, to reduce the accumulation of effective ventilation, coupled with the secretion, resulting in carbon dioxide eduction, carbon dioxide retention. (five) effect on the digestive system of the main influence appetite and defecation of patients. Due to the impact of reduced activity levels and disease, patients often appear anorexia, and large consumption of nutrients such as protein, resulting in negative nitrogen balance, long-term existence of severe malnutrition. Because of anorexia, the intake of cellulose and the reduction of water, so as not to waste volume generated enough stimulating bowel defecation reflex, and activity is limited to in the slow movement of the gastrointestinal tract, and increases the absorption of moisture, feces hardens, often appear in patients with constipation. Because some patients are not in the habit of defecation in bed, the whole body muscle weakness, can aggravate constipation and loss of appetite.
"The national pharmaceutical higher vocational planning materials, for the nursing and related medical professional: Basic Nursing Science (Second Edition)" system introduced the basic nursing knowledge, the "national medical college planning materials, for the nursing and related medical professional: Basic Nursing Science (Second Edition)" for medical and health vocational education and training, correspondence and self-study exam, the same level of different forms of school teaching, but also can be used as pharmaceutical industry training and self-study book.
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