This book is the medical care for the elderly, in the respiratory system disease and related health management mainly includes the following: common respiratory diseases in Department of internal medicine; pulmonary tuberculosis and other diseases; anti infection drugs in respiratory disease in the application.
the first chapter of common respiratory diseases in Department of internal medicine.
the first section of the respiratory system anatomical and physiological overview of
1 upper respiratory tract infection is how normal thing
2 people why is 37 degrees
3 what is the difference between the common cold and influenza
4 Chinese medicine is how to treat cold
5 TCM treatment is how to treat a cold
6 cold have those mistakes
7 cold symptoms again, why not take medicine in disorder.
8 what is due to therapy and symptomatic therapy.
9 diabetic patients how to treat a cold
10 why some people are particularly vulnerable to influenza
11 cold and rheumatoid arthritis, what is the relationship between
12 sneeze is going on
13 cough is going on
14 clinically coughing is how the classification of
15 cough is common in which disease
...... Application of
second chapter of tuberculosis and other diseases related to
third chapter anti infection drugs in respiratory disease of common chronic health management
Empyema is inflammatory pleural cavity caused by various pathogenic microorganism infection, accompanied by the appearance of turbidity, pleural effusion with pus like characteristics. Bacteria are the most common pathogens of empyema. The majority of empyema and bacterial pleurisy can not effectively control. The most common pathogens are gram negative bacilli, followed by Staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus. Acute empyema Changbiaoxianwei high fever, chest pain, consumption state. The principle of treatment is to control the infection, drainage of pleural effusion and pulmonary function recovery. According to the pathogenic bacteria empyema early application of effective antibiotics, systemic and intrapleural administration. Drainage is the most basic method of treatment of empyema, repeated aspiration or closed drainage. Available in 2% sodium bicarbonate or saline injected into the chest, then adequate antibiotics and streptokinase, the pus thinning for drainage of empyema; minority by closed drainage water seal bottle. How to deal with malignant pleural effusion of malignant pleural effusion caused by malignant tumor is progress, is a common complication of advanced malignant tumor, such as pleural effusion associated with lung carcinoma in late stage. Imaging examination is helpful to the understanding of pulmonary and mediastinal lymph nodes lesions. In view of the rapid growth and pleural effusion persisted, often because of a large effusion oppression caused severe breathing difficulties, or even lead to death, so it needs to be repeated pleural puncture and drainage, but repeated liquid pumping can make the protein losing too much, the treatment is very difficult, the effect is not ideal. Systemic chemotherapy has certain effects on the part of the small cell lung cancer pleural effusion. Mediastinal lymph node metastasis feasible local radiotherapy. In the suction effusion after intrapleural injection, including antitumor drug bleomycin, adriamycin, cisplatin, mitomycin, Bo, also can be injected into the tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 2, R interferon, is commonly used to treat, help to kill tumor cells, reduce hydrothorax, and can cause pleural adhesions. How do the pleural puncture operation method: ① reverse sitting in a chair, the contralateral arm in arm chair, pillow, disease side arms extended overhead. Or take the slope position, disease side held hands, pillow under the head or extended overhead, in Zhang Dalei space. The puncture site should be solid sound at. General in the angle of the scapula in 7 to 8 intercostal or midaxillary line fifth ~ 6 rib puncture. Encapsulated effusion, should according to the percussion dullness, X-ray or ultrasound biopsy. The needle should be along a rib on the edge of a slow puncture. When passing through the parietal pleura, tip resistance suddenly disappeared, and then connect the syringe, open the clamp pliers can be liquid suction hose. Syringe unloaded from the latex tube, pipe clamp shall, in case of air into the. The needle is pulled out after pumping liquid, using sterile gauze to cover fixed.......
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