Liver disease family health encyclopedia of knowledge

Date of publication:2009-8   Press: Shanghai science and Technology Press   Author:Zhao Wenqun   Pages:368  
Preface

Our country is the hepatitis B virus (HBV) incidence country, the world's 350000000 chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, 120000000 in the Chinese, occupied almost the world hepatitis B patients with 1/4. Statistics show that, in patients with chronic HBV infection, 1/4 will progress to chronic liver disease, some patients even develop into liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatitis B can be divided into five major categories, viral hepatitis, hepatitis B virus infection, non alcoholic liver damage, drug-induced liver damage, autoimmune hepatitis. Among them, viral hepatitis caused by hepatitis B virus. Is divided into a, B, C, D, e 5 at present, respectively, by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), caused by hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis E virus 5 viruses. In recent years it has been found that hepatitis B and hepatitis G. The main symptoms of hepatitis A: abdominal pain or discomfort, nausea, tired greasy, postprandial fullness or jaundice, dry mouth, dry stool or or pond, yellow urine, or fever, dizziness, tinnitus, complexion wilt Huang Wuhua. If the liver cirrhosis, besides, clinical manifestations of hepatitis and ascites, abdominal vascular outstanding, whole body edema, oliguria, liver palm, spider nevus, severe cases may also has the massive hemorrhage. Hepatitis A and E virus is mainly through the intestinal infection, virus contaminated water or food can be formed after the pandemic, but will not develop into chronic, also won't cause cirrhosis of the liver, and sick patients have lifelong immunity. B, C, D viral hepatitis are spread through blood, minority can also be a result of close contact with saliva, semen, milk and other infections, such as the spread between mother and infant between husband and wife. Hepatitis B, hepatitis C can turn for chronic, and may lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. To understand the transmission route of liver disease, can timely eliminate the source of infection, to further expand the scope of liver disease. Is very important to do inspection, found himself above, go to a hospital in time checking two semi hepatitis B, liver function, liver B ultrasound etc.. Everyone wants to own health, but the disease is sometimes beyond our control. Once found himself with liver disease are not nervous, do not panic, becoming. To follow the doctor's arrangement, selection with the help of a doctor for his treatment. Liver disease in addition to drugs, operation treatment, by itself, should also pay attention to psychological adjustment, diet adjustment and movement, should not be food and drug holding fluky psychology to food taboos in patients with liver disease. In order to facilitate the people to understand, grasp the liver disease family health care knowledge, in order to convenient method in patients with liver disease liver disease prevention and treatment to find simple, practical, we compiled the book. This book from the application, convenient, fast point testConsider, respectively, from the basic knowledge of liver disease, the symptom, diagnosis, treatment, and then to the daily life care, diet therapy, liver protection, prevention and treatment of the four seasons, psychology and sport, taboo and misunderstanding, describes in detail the basic knowledge and prevention methods for treatment of liver disease, family health care. This book is not only essential reading in patients with liver disease, but also a very useful tool. Hope that the patient from here to raise life of sailing, and a new start in life! In 2009 March @##@ editor The first chapter of medical knowledge 7 Why is the liver called chemical plant chemical factory is specialized in manufacturing and processing of human body chemical factory, the body with chemical substances in a considerable part of the manufacturing and decomposition in the liver. Therefore, the liver called maximum "chemical plant", is again appropriate nevertheless. To understand the function of liver, must first from the anatomical structure it about. The liver is the largest gland in the body, it is located in the upper right abdomen, protected by the rib, the weight of 1500 grams. It is composed of a layer of capsule, solid organ is the liver capsule. The essence of the liver, is composed of numerous polygonal liver lobule. Each lobule of diameter 0.6 ~ 2 mm. Under the microscope, each lobule is mainly composed of the following: (1) the tissue of liver cell: This is the basic unit is mainly responsible for the liver physiological activity function, whether it is The new supersedes the old. changes, or make bile, detoxification, the liver cells responsible for. No liver cells, not human life. (2) the capillary bile duct: This is the bile discharge channel. Liver cells make bile, right through here, and gradually gathered, and finally into the common bile duct, stored in the gallbladder. (3) Kupfer cell: this cell is Kupfer first observed, it has the phagocytosis of bacteria and foreign body function, can also make many foreign substances (including microbiological) antibody. Liver is a huge human "chemical plant", because here is a biochemical reaction mass. We know that every day, the body cannot do without food, nutritional elements in food, removing water and inorganic salts do not need to manufacture, the other ingredients such as sugar, fat, protein, vitamins, to re processing, transformation in the liver, biochemical changes in the process is complex. A variety of nutrients in the food nutrients, after processing enzyme digestion in the gastrointestinal, has undergone a fundamental change. The sugar is converted into glucose, fat is changed into glycerol, fatty acid, protein is broken down into amino acids. These essential nutrients, absorption from the intestine, through a blood vessel, we should enter the liver, which a vessel called the portal venous system. Therefore, in the blood supply, the liver is a special organ, which in addition to other organs and body, a hepatic arterial input oxygenated blood and a hepatic vein containing the metabolic waste blood away from the liver, and a set of special vascular system called portal, this is in order to adapt to the special treatment of liver work "". With rich nourishment from the gastrointestinal tract and the blood from portal vein into the liver, processing. Our blood glucose level, maintaining a certain level, the need for physical activity, liver is to maintain the constant "valve". When elevated glucose levels after feeding, the liver is the excess glucose into liver glycogen, stored in the liver cells; if the content of glucose in the blood is lower than normal, the valve opens, the liver to liver glycogen into glucose release into the blood. Liver cells make bile, is essential for digestion of fats. Each contains a lot of fat in food, bile gallbladder Library -- began to drain the bile, into the small intestine, helps the digestive enzymes break down fat. The liver also the glycerol, fatty acids, these fat products to transform into the human body needs, phospholipids, cholesterol and cholesterol ester. If the liver lesion, fat metabolism disorder, this disorder, fat will accumulate in the liver of fatty liver, normal liver function hinder. Protein in food is broken down into amino acids, were brought into the liver, to be re transformation, synthesis. The formation of new products such as serum proteins, including albumin, globulin, and fibrinogen. Fibrinogen is an important material in the process of blood coagulation, liver function not good person, always love hemorrhage. Coagulation function is not good, because the fibrinogen and another missing caused by hepatic synthesis of prothrombin. The liver bile secretion, help digestion and absorption of fat, there are some vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, can only be dissolved in oil, do not dissolve in water, so that fat soluble vitamin. If the liver is out of order, the absorption will these vitamins appear shortage, resulting in some vitamin deficiency. The liver is also responsible for the storage of the majority (about 95%) of vitamin A. Finally, the liver was also responsible for the detoxification function. For example, the protein The new supersedes the old. results, will produce toxic ammonia, and the human intake of toxic drugs, and other toxic metabolic end product, by liver processing, transformation, into non-toxic substances excreted. Liver disease, prone to poisoning. The medicine or food varieties, should pay special attention to, careful, is this the reason. Liver is a huge "chemical plant", nor too little. Liver why vulnerable like vortices in the islands are vulnerable to the impact and destruction, the liver is the body's eventful. Because the liver is fragile, easily broken under violent attack; because the liver is the body's detoxification organ, every time the body from the outside ingested poison or toxin, produced by the body to which bear the detoxification function; most organs of the digestive system in blood to the collection of reflux, human blood circulation system in some special conditions, such as acute blood loss, blood circulation problems, need it usually stored blood large output to maintain the needs of human blood circulation; liver as a source of energy and material center to constantly provide heat for the human body, protein, vitamin, bile and other substances, it is "heavy responsibility in shoulder".Thus, a healthy liver, means a bright future. In the future, protect your "chemical plant" liver, prevent it overwhelmed. Liver disease is how to produce liver disease refers to the parenchymal lesions in the liver. Many pathogens such as virus infection, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and some parasites can cause liver disease, various toxins and chemicals and certain drugs poisoning can cause toxic hepatitis.. Hepatitis caused by a drug called drug-induced hepatitis; alcoholic hepatitis called alcoholic hepatitis; caused by a virus called viral hepatitis B. What is hepatitis B is the general term for inflammation of the liver. Refers to a group of viral diseases, known as influenza A, B, C, D, e, 5 kinds of hepatitis virus is spread through different ways, is one of the most serious infectious diseases common, their common characteristic is the infection and inflammation of the liver caused by liver. In addition, but also because the abuse of ethanol (alcohol), using drugs or eating environment toxicant induced hepatitis. Many pathogenic microorganisms, parasites, poisons, toxins and drugs can cause hepatitis. The drug poisoning isoniazid (INH, drugs for treatment of tuberculosis), indomethacin (indomethacin, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory drugs) caused by hepatitis called drug-induced hepatitis; by long-term drinking too much alcohol induced hepatitis called alcoholic hepatitis; hepatitis caused by a bacterium called hepatitis caused by a virus hepatitis; called viral hepatitis. Now people daily said hepatitis, refers to viral hepatitis. 5 "members" hepatitis B virus: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis C and hepatitis E, or A, B, C, D, hepatitis E. There may be sixth hepatitis. Hepatitis B is serious because it disturbs the many functions of the liver, including producing bile to help digest, adjusting the chemical composition, blood clearance potential toxic blood function. Because this disease may be mistaken for flu, or because some patients have no symptoms, resulting in many hepatitis cases could not be diagnosed hepatitis, common symptom has: ① decreased appetite; the weak; the heat; the muscle or joint pain and nausea, vomiting; abdominal pain; and. What causes hepatitis have hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver. There are many reasons that cause inflammation of the liver, common are as follows. A, viral infection caused by a variety of hepatitis B virus. A contagious, spreading way complex, popular range, high incidence. At present, viral hepatitis A, B, C major, D and E hepatitis in 5, and was found to have hepatitis f virus and hepatitis G. The hepatitis A and E is self limiting, generally will not turn for chronic, few can develop into liver cirrhosis. Chronic hepatitis B is closely related with the occurrence of primary liver cell carcinoma. Two, drug or chemical poison many drugs and chemicals can cause liver damage, drug-induced hepatitis or toxic hepatitis. Such as bisatin, methyldopa, tetracycline and arsenic and mercury, carbon tetrachloride. Depending on the extent of damage to the liver in pharmaceutical or chemical poison administration or exposure time, and the difference of individual quality. The long-term use or repeated exposure to drugs and chemicals, can lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis. Three, drinking alcohol (alcohol) can cause hepatitis. Is mainly due to the ethanol and its metabolite acetaldehyde toxicity to the liver cell damage caused by. According to the research, if every day drinking in alcohol content of 150 grams above, continued for more than 5 years, 90% of the liver damage; more than 10 years, about 34% chronic hepatitis, about 25% to the development of cirrhosis. Europe and the United States are 50% alcoholics, 90% alcoholic cirrhosis of liver cirrhosis. While in China, the situation is better. Four, many other systemic infectious disease may invade the liver, such as EB virus, bacterial infectious diseases of typhoid fever, can cause the increase of serum amino transferase or other abnormal liver function. But because these diseases have special performance of their own, and inflammation of the liver is only part of the disease, the diagnosis is not difficult, less misdiagnosis as "b". In conclusion, hepatitis B is a name, including many different causes of hepatitis. But in daily life as the most common viral hepatitis, we are most familiar with it, so people used to be referred to as the "viral hepatitis b".
Summary

In order to facilitate the people to understand, grasp the liver disease family health care knowledge, in order to convenient method in patients with liver disease liver disease prevention and treatment to find simple, practical, we compiled the book. This book is convenient, quick, considered from the angle, respectively, from the basic knowledge of liver disease, the symptom, diagnosis, treatment, and then to the daily life care, diet therapy, liver protection, prevention and treatment of the four seasons, psychology and sport, taboo and error area, describes in detail the method basic knowledge and prevention, treatment of liver diseases of family health. This book is not only essential reading in patients with liver disease, but also a very useful tool. Hope that the patient from here to raise life of sailing, and a new start in life!
Author brief introduction

Zhao Wenqun, graduated from the Hebei College of traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine has long been engaged in teaching, clinical and research work.
the Hebei University of Engineering medical school professor, chief physician.
written "traditional Chinese medicine" Department of internal medicine "selected" Phnom Penh slightly and other materials, and "Chinese medicine" self selection of a book, and write the Chinese popular science articles published. Clinical treatment of traditional Chinese medicine disease have one's own knack in, get
Catalogue of books

The first chapter of medical knowledge in human liver liver what position structure is what the function of the liver which why the liver called human chemical plant liver why easily injured liver disease is how to produce what is hepatitis B causes what some of what factors can induce hepatitis viral hepatitis: what kinds of hepatitis laboratory inspection of the main the normal value of the liver index and uncomfortable what are the possible causes of adults how to determine if they are suffering from liver disease to determine whether children with liver disease second chapter the symptoms of hepatitis a spreading way and what are the symptoms of hepatitis B transmission and what are the symptoms of hepatitis C transmission and what are the symptoms of hepatitis C is how the incidence of hepatitis D transmission and what are the symptoms of liver inflammatory symptoms which e produces fatty liver of the 6 factors to early detection of fatty liver fatty liver what are the symptoms of cirrhosis of the clinical manifestations of hepatic fibrosis which performance and how the diagnosis of cholestatic hepatitis symptoms of primary liver cell carcinoma third chapter inspection diagnosis Liver function tests should which examination to make hepatitis hepatitis B should make what inspection and differential diagnosis of hepatitis C should make what inspection and diagnosis of chronic hepatitis C diagnosis of hepatitis D examination and diagnosis of hepatitis delta virus have what characteristics of hepatitis E should which examination to make the complications of liver cirrhosis which fatty liver should which examination to make cancer what the clinical manifestations and signs of liver cancer in the differential diagnosis of liver disease diagnosis of liver disease etiology diagnosis of liver disease in the differential diagnosis of chapter fourth treatment of a hepatitis B virus antibody and clinical significance of hepatitis A is what the main method for the treatment of hepatitis B classification principle of treatment in patients with hepatitis liver protective drugs are commonly used in the elderly should be how to prevent hepatitis B treatment how to treat hepatitis cirrhosis of liver patients must be from viral suppression with or disable drug medication available drug hepatitis liver disease treatment medication knowledge about medication to "Hugan" Hugan drugs (Medicine) which in composed of side effects on the liver of commonly used herbal medicines should be avoided Open take which damages the liver drug hepatitis convalescent treatment of hepatitis B induced collaterals therapy to early detection of hepatitis B "small three" don't let the comprehensive treatment of fatty liver of hepatitis B vaccine immunization note when hepatitis patients why liver area pain hepatitis B disease development of different hepatitis B "big 3 this world" for there is no cure for the correct understanding of hepatitis B inspection index to distinguish between true and false drug advertising hepatitis B hepatitis B can effect a radical cure of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis of hepatitis B in the process of natural history and prognosis of "big 3 this world, small 3 this world" evolution explains what hepatitis B of different symptoms, treatment of Shenxing correct understanding of hepatitis B five indicators of negative chronic hepatitis B with reasonable medication which children with chronic viral hepatitis, the rational use of drugs liver disease liver protection during liver damage: the rational use of drugs is the key of treatment of chronic hepatitis B must grasp the three links of liver damage causes and extent and drug metabolic effects of prevention and treatment of fatty liver song chapter fifth life and health: self testing whether or not you There are the risk factors of liver area unwell due to six causes liver disease prevention and control, from a healthy lifestyle with healthy lifestyle can prevent fatty liver cirrhosis of liver cancer should be treated as soon as possible from the effective way to change the way of life -- to hepatitis C in 6 ways of life in patients with hepatitis and healthy way of life drinking with what drug to protect the liver keep the liver health 16 ways to maintain healthy liver 12 life tips of hepatitis B patients pay attention to liver toxicity to early detection of fatty liver fatty liver diagnosis criterion to avoid drug induced fatty liver of the fatty liver diet fatty liver diet from eighteen home first-aid knowledge points of liver disease in patients with fatty liver health drinks the life of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma conditioning diet eat fruits can also be anti liver cancer patients can drink what drink what to eat liver cirrhosis HCC patients diet principles which the six class examination to check the hepatitis C hepatitis E virus is passed from mother to fetus hepatitis B patients how to take care of patients with hepatitis convalescence guide sixth chapter drink food therapy Therapy with viral hepatitis, how do we do this diet the basic principles for the treatment of hepatitis A patients pay attention to what the diet in patients with liver disease should eat what food diet recuperation and treatment of children chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis family therapy in patients with fatty liver diet in patients with liver disease can not eat what food of liver disease patients appear what kind of disease should go to a hospital treating liver cirrhosis how to diet nursing of patients with liver cirrhosis patients in the diet should pay attention to what the seventh chapter and the four seasons of spring Yanggan liver Yanggan spring two spring nourishing yin and yang balance to why the spring "spring" ready to liver disease "liver" dietotherapy party how to control spring summer liver hepatitis liver damage liver summer autumn several key points fall prevention of hepatitis B key: control the source of infection, cut off the transmission winter nourishing liver points should be paid attention to protecting liver and stomach when winter winter winter hepatitis hepatitis ridden to recognize the true face of winter is a period of high incidence of liver disease, should pay attention to the classification and treatment way of life the eighth chapter the prevention and treatment of hepatitis A hepatitis a pre Prevention of hepatitis A hepatitis treatment principle is what causes of hepatitis B recurrence which prevent hepatitis B hepatitis B treatment for hepatitis C treatment of hepatitis C patients how to prevent the general special patients with hepatitis C treatmentTreatment of hepatitis C prevention of hepatitis delta virus spread and how to prevent hepatitis delta hepatitis D how to treat hepatitis E how to prevent hepatitis E should pay attention to the prevention and treatment of hepatitis E to check found esophageal varices and treatment of viral hepatitis treatment prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma HCC staging and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of liver cancer therapy of hepatocellular carcinoma methods hepatitis cure the "gold standard" Chinese medicine treatment of cirrhosis of the liver cirrhosis to treat different types of fatty liver in patients with chronic viral hepatitis heavy disease treatment of cholestatic hepatitis how to treat how to prevent fatty liver fatty liver to treat primary liver cancer treatment standards and methods from the liver to control "three factors" their own anti hepatocellular carcinoma living in the present methods of prevention methods of treating liver disease liver disease good 3 chapter ninth psychology and sports a happy state of mind is better to acute hepatitis patients with psychological adjustment of patients with chronic hepatitis liver cirrhosis patients with what kind of psychological characteristics of negative psychological state how to ease the psychological disorders in patients with liver disease in family life to On the application of psychological therapy in patients with liver diseases have a good mood can really affect the liver function of hepatitis B liver emotional psychological therapy to help patients overcome the negative emotions of patients with fatty liver motion can not be less movement before the examination of hepatitis patients at home to recuperate the tenth chapter taboo and misunderstandings in treating hepatitis Mo into errors "fatty liver" careful take cholesterol lowering drugs in patients with liver disease avoid using drug hepatitis B patients should pay attention to what the hepatitis B patients diet taboo hepatitis C common misunderstanding of hepatitis C patients life seven note liver method commonly used five words of liver disease in patients with liver disease misunderstanding: don't trample on medication errors in patients with hepatitis B liver disease ten minefields misunderstanding in patients with liver disease hepatitis B treatment taboo what the main causes of hepatitis B drug use four rules for the treatment of chronic liver disease person misunderstanding to prevention and cure of hepatitis B hepatitis B six misunderstandings area Chuang not hepatitis B patients should refuse to four errors in fatty liver patients should pay attention to what the fatty liver patients diet should pay attention to what food items can prevent fatty liver
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