This textbook is in the country of foreign nursing specialty teaching material construction commission guidance, according to the general office of the Ministry of education, the office of the Ministry of health organizations to develop "medium occupation schools and five year higher vocational nursing professional shortage of skilled talents training scheme" in foreign nursing education and training programs, organize the backbone teachers, schools of foreign nursing professional practice teaching of the hospital leaders prepared. This material is suitable for the health of secondary occupation school system for four years, five years of nursing, nursing, the specialized nursing and midwifery and other related to medical and health professionals. In the process of writing this book to grasp the current shortage of talents training target characteristic of the secondary occupation education and skills, sought to combine the training objectives reflect disease foundation for each subject and the characteristics of foreign nursing. In accordance with the traditional subject curriculum rules at the same time, strengthen the basic course, the bridge characteristics, reduce the theoretical difficulty, improve skills, broaden the scope of application. To strengthen the application of English terminology in structure, content added "sARs" virus, prion in emerging and re emerging pathogens, in order to adapt to the development of the disease. Considering the present situation of the institutions set up educational institutions, in order to facilitate the teaching structure of the teaching material, still use the four most traditional, namely the pathogen biology, immunology, pathology and pathophysiology. In order to adapt to the professional features, to enable students to better grasp the professional foreign language words, in each chapter also increased English learning goals and exercises, in order to make the teaching material content gradually close to the foreign-related nursing. This book provides tables for teachers teaching reference, we can decide according to their teaching plans at execution time.
This book is a "shortage of skilled personnel training project of foreign nursing specialty teaching.". Introduced a system of pathogenic biology, immunology, pathology and pathophysiology, and according to the development trend of moderate increase new content. The outstanding "skills training" characteristic, has the innovation in the structure of teaching materials, teaching content, to help students achieve skills. In addition, according to the law of occupation school corresponding teaching design time allocation table, and the contents of the textbooks hierarchical processing, convenient and flexible use. This book is for the health of secondary occupation school system for four years, five years of nursing, nursing, the specialized nursing, midwifery and other related to medical and health professionals.
The first chapter introduction of pathogenic biology of pathogenic organisms in chapter second chapter third basic characters of infection of heredity and variation of the fourth chapter of disinfection and sterilization in hospital infection in fifth chapter chapter sixth laboratory diagnosis and specific treatment of the seventh chapter of common pathogenic bacteria, mycoplasma, Chlamydia eighth chapter helicoid, Rickettsia, actinomyces fungi ninth chapter tenth chapter eleventh chapter of human parasitology second immunology twelfth chapter thirteenth chapter fourteenth chapter immune antigen immunoglobulin and antibody complement system fifteenth chapter sixteenth chapter major histocompatibility complex seventeenth chapter eighteenth chapter hypersensitivity immune response to the nineteenth chapter of immune tolerance and autoimmune diseases in Chapter twentieth, anti infection immunity twenty-first chapter immunodeficiency disease twenty-second chapter twenty-third chapter immune tumor immune prevention and immunotherapy of third pathological anatomy the twenty-fourth chapter cell, tissue damage and repair, the twenty-fifth chapter of local blood circulation obstacle twenty-sixth chapter twenty-seventh chapter twenty-eighth chapter inflammatory tumor diseases of cardiovascular system in Chapter twenty-ninth, respiratory system disease, digestive system diseases thirtieth chapter third The eleven chapter thirty-second chapter thirty-third female diseases of urinary system and reproductive system diseases: diseases of the endocrine system of infectious diseases thirty-fourth chapter fourth pathological physiology chapter thirty-fifth introduction the thirty-sixth chapter of water and electrolyte metabolism disorder of acid-base metabolism disorder in thirty-seventh chapter thirty-eighth chapter fever thirty-ninth chapter disseminated intravascular coagulation in fortieth chapter forty-first chapter forty-second chapter shock hypoxic heart failure and respiratory failure forty-third chapter the forty-fourth chapter forty-fifth chapter renal failure hepatic encephalopathy vocabulary references
(2) in patients with underlying diseases: suffering from severe cellular or humoral immunodeficiency patients with anti infection ability is low, and the infection is often the patients most main, the most common and most serious manifestations, but also the main reason why death. Cause a variety of immune dysfunction or disorder, this kind of disease is an important risk factor of hospital infection. In addition, diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, connective tissue disease, blocking all bronchogenic lung disease and other chronic diseases and malignant tumor patients, burn, trauma cause tissue necrosis, were easily complicated with infection. Wide application of 2 traumatic treatment of various traumatic, invasive examination and treatment in clinic, the pathogens have more chance of invasion of the body, causing infection. (1) venous catheter, tracheotomy or tracheal intubation, cardiac catheterization, urinary catheter, T tube drainage, artificial breathing apparatus. (2) peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis operation. (3) foreign body implants, such as artificial heart valves, artificial joint. (4) organ or vascular transplantation: universal development of organ transplant technology, all kinds of immuno-suppressive agent (immune inhibitor), wide application of cytotoxic drugs to patients, cellular immunity and humoral immunity function was inhibited significantly, increased to infection, especially the factors of opportunistic infections. (5) pollution operation. The 3 hospital is the microbial collection and places where the spread of infectious disease patients, pathogen carriers are heavily concentrated in the hospital, through the respiratory tract, digestive tract, close contact with other pollution hospital environment, some of the hospital environment or habitat and reproduction of microorganism good places. So the patient management is not perfect, disinfection and isolation measures are not completely and control, application of blood and blood products detection means is not strict, can be caused by hospital infection, and even lead to the popular hospital infection outbreak.4 the abuse of antibiotics the irrational use of antibiotics can lead to patient body normal flora and bacterial resistance, especially multi drug resistance and plasmid transfer, caused by hospital infection pathogen during infection and further enhance its virulence, thus allowing the patient to these resistant pathogens is more susceptible to.
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